第1题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。
第4题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。
第5题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。
Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)
第6题单选 It's bad policy for developing countries to sacrifice environmental protection to economic growth .
第7题单选1'd rather marry a man who had a(n) _ of humour than one who was very attractive.
第8题单选 He is quite thoughtless, for very seldom can he other people's troubles.
A. agree with
B. interfere with
C. identify with
D. rest with
第9题单选I'm ver)r sorry to have _ you with so many questions on such an occasion.
第10题单选 Let's think of a situation this idiom can be used.
第11题单选 You' d better take an umbrella with you it rains.
C. in case
D. so that
第12题单选 He claimed that he would be a _ in the presidential election, and would win the election at last.
第13题单选 Well, let' s put our heads together and find a( n) _ to the problem.
第14题单选1 got caught in the rain and my suit _ .
A. has been ruined
B. had been ruined
C. has ruined
D. had ruined
第15题单选 The real trouble _ their lack of confidence in their faculty.
A. lies in
B. results in
C. leads to
D. brings about
第16题单选 The committee is totally opposed _ any changes being made in the plans.
第17题单选 You cannot be _ careful when you drive a car.
第18题单选 It is important that enough money _ to fund the project.
A. be collected
B. must be collected
C. is collected
D. can be collected
第19题单选 The ship _ from behind the fog.
第20题单选 If only the committee__ the regulations(规章) and put them into effect as soon as possible.
B. will approve
C. can approve
D. would approve
Cloze ( 30 points)
Have you ever had to decide whether to go shopping or stay home and watch TV on a weekend?
Now you _21do both at the same time. Home shopping television networks(冈络)have become
a 22_ for many people to shop without _23 having to leave their home.
Some shoppers are 24 0f department stores and supermarkets-fighting the crowds, waiting in long lines, and sometimes having slight _25 0f finding anything they want to buy. They' drather sit quietly at home in front of the TV set and watch a friendly
announcer describe a product
26 a model shows it. And they can shop around the clock, buying something 27 by making a phone call.
Department stores and even mail-order companies are 28 to join in the success of home shopping: Large department stores are busy 29 their own TV channels(频道)to encourage TV shopping in the future. Customers can ask questions about products and place _ 30 _, all through their TV sets.
Will shopping by television 31 take the place of shopping in stores? Some industry managers
think so. 32 many people find shopping at a real store a great enjoyment. And for many shoppers, it is still important to _ 33 0r try on dresses they want to buy. That's 34 specialists
say that in the future, home shopping will 35 together with store shopping but will never entirely replace it.
A. putting up
B. making up
C. setting up
D. looking up
Reading Comprehension( 60 points)
Space is a dangerous place,not only because of meteors but also because of rays from the sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through,and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat. Heat,too,makes our environment endurable. Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space,but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation. But their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft,if they are inside,do prevent a lot of radiation damage.
Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The unit of radiation is called
"rem". Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than 0. 1 rem
without being damaged;the figure of 60 rems has been agreed on. The trouble is that it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage-a person may feel perfectly well,but the cells of his or her sex organs may be damaged,and this will not be discovered until the birth of deformed(畸形的)children or even grandchildren. Missions of the Apollo flights have had to cross belts of high radiation and,during the outward and return joumeys,the Apollo crew accumulated a large amount of rems. So far,no dangerous amounts of radiation have been reported,but the Apollo missions have been quite short. We simply do not know yet how men are going to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere,working in a space laboratory. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation,but no really effective ones have been found so far.
第36题单选According to the first paragraph,the atmosphere is essential to man in that _ .
A. it protects him against the harmful rays from space
B. it provides sufficient light for plant growth
C. it supplies the heat necessary for human survival
D.it screens off the falling meteors
第37题单选 We know from the passage that _ .
A. exposure to even tiny amounts of radiation is fatal
B. the effect of exposure to radiation is slow in coming .
C. radiation is avoidable in space exploration
D. astronauts in spacesuits needn't worry about radiation damage
第38题单选 It can be inferred from the passage that
A. the Apollo mission was very successful
B. protection from space radiation is no easy job
C. astronauts will have deformed children or grandchildren
D. radiation is not a threat to well-protected space explorers
第39题单选 The best title for this passage would be .
A. The Atmosphere and Our Environment
B. Research on Radiation
C. Effects of Space Radiation
D.Importance of Protection Against Radiation
It seems so natural to put up an umbrella to keep the water off when it rains. But actually the umbrella was not invented as protection against rain.lts first use was as a shade against the sun !
Nobody knows who first invented it, but the umbrella was used in very ancient times. Probably the first to use it were the Chinese, as early as the eleventh century B. C.
We know that the umbrella was used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as a sunshade. And there was a strange thing connected with its use: it became a symbol of honour and authority. In the Far East in ancient times the umbrella was allowed to be used only by royalty or by those in high office.
In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as a sunshade. And the umbrella was in common use in ancient Greece. But it is beheved that the first persons in Europe to use the
umbrella as protection against the rain were the ancient Romans.
During the Middle Ages, the use of the umbrella practically disappeared. Then it appeared
again in Italy in the late sixteenth century. And again it was considered a symbol of power and
authority. By 1680, the umbrella appeared in France, and later on in England.
By the eighteenth century, the umbrella was used against rain throughout most of Europe. Umbrellas have not changed much in style during all this time, though they have become much lighter in weight.lt wasn't until the twentieth century that women' s umbrellas began to be made, in a whole variety of colours.
第40题单选 Which of the following statements is NOT true about the umbrella?
A. No one exactly knows who was the inventor of the umbrella.
B. The umbrella was first invented to be used as protection against the sun.
C. The umbrella changed much in style in the eighteenth century.
D.In Europe the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as a sunshade.
第41题单选A strange feature of the umbrella's rtse is that it was used as
A. protection against rain
B. a shade against the sun
C. a symbol of honour and power
D. a way of women' s decoration
第42题单选1n Europe, the umbrella was first used against the rain
A. in China
B. in ancient Egypt
D. in Greece
第43题单选 This passage talks mainly about _ .
A.how the umbrella was invented
B. why the umbrella was so popular in Europe
C. the development of the umbrella
D. who needed umbrella first
There is no creature that does not need sleep or complete rest every day.
If you want to know why, just try going without sleep for a long period of time. You will discover that your mind and body would become too tired to work properly. You would become irritable and find it hard to think clearly or concentrate on your work. So sleep is quite simply the time when the cells of your body recover from the work of the day and build up supplies of energy for the next period of activity.
One of the things we all know about sleep is that we are unconscious in sleep. We do not know what is going on around us. But that doesn't mean the body stops all activity. The important organs continue to work during sleep, but most of the body functions are slowed down.
For example, our breathing becomes slower and deeper. The heart beats more slowly, and the be impossible for our body to relax to such an extent if we were awake. So sleep does for us what the most quiet rest can not do.
Your body temperature becomes lower when you are asleep, which is the reason people go to sleep under some kind of covers. And even though you are unconscious, many of your reflexes(反射动作) still work. For instance, if someone tickles(使觉得痒) your foot, you will put it away in your sleep, or even brush a fly from your forehead. You do these things without knowing it.
第44题单选 If you don't have as much sleep as your body needs, you will
A. work properly
B. think clearly
C. keep your attention on your work
D. easily get angry
第45题单选 The cells of your body develop supplies of energy _'
A. when you are asleep -
B.when you recover from your work of the day
C. in the next period of activity
D. when you are quiet
第46题单选 In the clause "...that we are unconscious in sleep"(Para.3) ,the word "unconscious" means
D. not knowing what is happening around
第47题单选 When you are sleeping,_.
A. all of you reflexes stop working
B. most of your reflexes stop working
C. many of your reflexes still work
D. all of your reflexes still work
Ann Curry is a famous news presenter of the NBC News "Today" show. When she was 15 she
happened to wal.k into a bookstore in her hometown and began looking at the books on the shelves.
The man behind the counter, Mac McCarley, asked if she'd like a job. She needed to start saying for college, so she said yes.
Ann worked after school and during summer vacations, and the job helped pay for her first year of college. During college she would do many other jobs: she served coffee in the students' union
was a hotel maid and even made maps for the US Forest Service. But selling books was one of the most satisfying jobs.
One day a woman came into the bookstore and asked Ann for books on cancer(癌症). The woman seemed anxious. Ann showed her practically everything they had and found other books they could order. The woman left the store less worried, and Ann has always remembered the pride she felt in having helped her customer.
Years later, as a television reporter in Los Angeles, Ann heard about a child who was born with problems with his fingers and his hand. His family could not afford a surgical(外科的) operation, and the boy lived in shame, hiding his hand in his pocket all the time.
Ann persuaded her boss to let her do the story. After the story was broadcast, a doctor and a nurse called, offering to perform the surgical operation for free.
Ann visited the boy in the recovery room after the operation. The first thing he did was to hold up his repaired hand and say, "Thank you. " What a sweet sense of satisfaction Ann Curry felt!
At McCarley' s bookstore, Ann always sensed she was working for the customers, not the store.
Today it' s the same. NBC News pays her, but she feels as if she works for the people who watch the
programmes, helping them make sense of the world.
第48题单选 Ann Curry got her first job _ .
A. from her friend in a bookstore .
B. a couple of years before college
C. at the NBC News "Today" show
D. when she was studying at university
第49题单选 At which part-time job did Ann Curry feel the happiest?
A. The hotel.
B. The bookstore.
C. The students' union.
D. The US Forest Service.
第50题单选 What particularly gives her the feeling of pride?
A. Helping'people through her work.
B. Reporting interesting stories.
C. Being able to do different jobs well.
D. Paying through her college education.
第51题单选 How did Ann help the child get the operation he needed?
A. Ann persuaded the boy to speak on TV.
B. Ann paid for the operation herself.
C. Ann' s boss agreed to raise money.
D. Ann' s news report moved some doctors.
The dog has always been considered man' s best friend. Always noted for being particularly
faithful in watching over children, he also has his place by the fireside, in the cow pasture, on the sheep range(放牧区) , and beside the hunter in forest. He is easy to train, works hard, and often performs astonishing feats. And in the frozen polar regions he was once the principal motive power,before being lately displaced by the plane and helicopter.
Because he howls or whines in the presence of impending death, the dog was once thought to have supematural powers and believed to be capable of seeing gods and ghosts invisible to men.Actual.ly, the basis for these beliefs lies in the hound's sensibility to people's feelings and his superior hearing ability and sense of smell, which enable him to detect signs hidden from human observation. .His record of saving lives is outstanding, for he often gives waming of fire and other dangers not noticed by his master.
The dog's major contribution, however, has been to medical research. Both his diet and his
structure are comparable to those of the human being, and so he has been the subject of countless
demonstrations and experiments. Open-heart surgery has been made possible largely because of the dog. But his sacrifice has repaid his own species as well by safeguarding it from rabies(狂犬病) ,distemper, and other diseases.
第54题单选 The dog has always been noted for .
A. protecting children
B. assisting shepherds
C. helping hunters
D. herding cattle
第53题单选1n the polar regions, the dog mainly _ .
A. carried supplies
B. provided companionship
C. tracked prey
D. herded caribou( 驯鹿)
第54题单选 Dogs are similar to human beings in _ .
第55题单选 The article does not say whether the scientists' experiments-with dogs have .
A. benefited animals other than dogs
B. served man
C. helped other dogs
D. contributed to medical knowledge